The AA pioneers (the first people to use a twelve step approach) were consistently well educated middle class or upper class men (in 1930s, most people seemed not to be considering the possibility that women might be alcoholic). The two founders, known as Dr. Bob and Bill W, were both devoted members of the Oxford Group, as were a very large number of the others who came into AA in the first three or four years. This page is all about the question of whether twelve step approaches to addiction works out well in other demographics.
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Full Article Demographics Impacting Twelve Step Recovery
Much more comprehensive list of relevant links on Introduction to main article on Substance Abuse and Addiction
Last Update April 11, 2018